Monday, September 16, 2019

Why I Live Here - A Little Nature Break

Had some errands to run, but that also gave me the opportunity to take in some looking nature spots.  So just let yourself slide into the picture for a moment to slow down your heart beat.




University Lake.



The creek that goes by the dorms at the University of Alaska Anchorage.


It makes sense to me why Anchorage homeless would rather be out here than in some institutional storage room for people.  Now if they could police those who trash the place and/or use it as a base for petty theft, everyone would be happy.  Maybe.  I'm taking an OLÉ class starting in October on Homeless Issues, so maybe I'll understand this better.

Saturday, September 14, 2019

Jonathan Haidt At Citizens Climate Lobby And Then Cauliflower And Carrots At Farmers Market

Anchorage voters are adamant that the summer flower budget isn't cut.  So the municipal green house keeps busy all year.  And the best two landscaped institutions are the University of Alaska Anchorage and Providence Hospital.  Our Citizens Climate Lobby meeting is at UAA and these flowers are an example.  There are small luxuries that do matter because they do so much for people's mental health.






















Even these summer tourists were enjoying a stroll around the campus.









Inside, we heard from Jonathan Haidt via teleconference with the other 400 plus local chapters of CCL around the country.  Plus another bunch of international chapters.


Haidt, the author of The Righteous Mind, studies and talks about the emotional aspects of morality and public debate.  He listed

Three Principles Of Moral Psychology:

1.  Intuition comes first, then the brain can take in the rational argument.  So, the brain reacts emotionally first to something, which is why what you look like, how you talk, etc. will affect how people listen. If the intuition reacts positively, then it's more likely to accept the rational argument. I saw this as a good explanation why small talk, ice-breaking matter.  First you need a sense of the messengers before you listen to what they suggest.

2.  There's more to morality than harm and fairness - people conceptualize these basic human reactions differently.  For the Left, say, fairness is more equated with equity, whereas for the Right more with loyalty, authority.

3.  Morality Binds and Blinds.  It keeps tribes together and causes them to NOT see things that contradict their beliefs.

He went on to connect these ideas specifically to climate change politics.


After the meeting, I biked over to the Farmers Market at the BP parking lot (I guess it will have a different name next year).
















Friday, September 13, 2019

We walked over to the university (of Alaska Anchorage) the other night.  It was a beautiful evening.

















Even though it's mid-September now, there was no snow yet on the mountains.  The speaker was Katharine Hayhoe.  I've heard her talk a couple of times via the Citizens Climate Lobby (CCL) monthly meetings.  She's an incredible speaker with lots of recognition - like 100 most important people awards kinds of things.  In the Climate Science field she's know as a communications specialist and does a lot of work with the Evangelical community.


Probably the thing that was new for me Wednesday night was this idea:

People don't disagree so much on whether there is climate change, even if it's human caused.
The disagreements - including the denials - arise from the perceived consequences of climate change.  Conservatives see the consequences of doing something about climate change are seen as such a threat to our economy and way of life, it isn't worth it.  So the challenge is to educate them on how switching away from fossil fuels is not only doable, but will actually boost our economy.  If you aren't aware of that part, check out the CCL website.  CCL's emphasis is on getting Congress to legislate a fee on carbon with a dividend,  because for most experts on this, it's the most effective and achievable way to have the biggest impact.

Rather than write what she said, I'll just give you her Ted Talk.




Thursday, September 12, 2019

Dem Debate Tweets With A Few Of My Thoughts



This first one captures my impression of the debate.



I thought that Yang made a number of good points.  He's an outsider in a number of ways - as a Chinese/American, as a business man, his  lack of political/governmental experience.  And he's smart.  That lets him raise issues we wouldn't normally get.  But he also seems a little isolated from things as well as this Tweet  from a Filipina/American who calls out his use of the smart-Asian stereotype and his implied lack of acknowledgment of non-East Asian Asians, who make up most of the Asian/American population. But it's good to see his face and ideas up there in the Democratic debates.

Bernie seemed to have a cold, but he's been around a long time, has been fighting the status quo forever, and his ideas are now mainstream.  He's one I'd have full confidence in going one-on-one with Trump.  He knows the facts and he's got the passion.
I've been really impressed with Harris in her Senate role questioning witnesses.  But as someone pointed out tonight, she's a lot better at asking questions than answering them.  While I think this Tweeter exaggerates, she does seem to be caught off-guard with people questioning her credentials and record.
Yes, I was struck by the kind of issues that were raised and how united most of the candidates were on the basic issues.  And the fact that Beto broke the tip toeing around gun issues wide open with his impassioned stance.
I've come to the conclusion that O'Rourke would make a much better Senator than a President.  He's got a way of saying things clearly and with passion.  I'm less confident of his overall common sense and ability to administer.  A role in the Senate is perfect for his talents.

And Butteig also made history for a presidential debate.



I'm afraid Biden is the great white hope in this group.  He's the link to the Democrats of old.  He's the 'safe' candidate.  Like Hilary.  (Who did actually win the popular vote and would probably have won the electoral college without Russian interference in the election - which includes what we know about things like FB ads and what we don't know about about the wins in Michigan, Wisconsin, Ohio, and Pennsylvania.)  But Trump would run circles around him in a one-on-one debate.  Trump's lies and insinuations would leave him tongue-tied.  The only possible way he could win would be because people felt sorry for him.  And that's not a good look for a president.

And talking about playing the record player to help kids learn is exactly the kind of thing that raises questions about his time having passed.  But there were folks who defended his reference to record players.





I think Booker is another candidate who could go head-to-head with Trump.  He too knows his facts and talks well.  And he's been a mayor and a US Senator.

Another is Elizabeth Warren:
I'd like to see her when she wasn't turned up to full indignation mode.  She has a right to be indignant, but I'd like to hear her sometime talking in a normal voice.


I noticed a lot of obvious GOP Tweeters out to trash every candidate - except Tulsi Gabbard, who wasn't in the debate.

And here's an article about a despicable attack ad on ABC during the debate by paid for by donors to the GOP New Faces PAC,
 "opened with a photograph of the young Latinx congresswoman’s face being set on fire to reveal images of the 1970s genocide in Cambodia underneath." 
This is the kind of open hate the grew worse and worse in 1930s Germany.  No, this is not a frivolous comparison.  I've read Victor Klemperer's I Will Bear Eyewitness  in which he, among other things, documents the language used by the Nazis from the 30's through the end of WWII.  This sort of ad targeting AOC is not only blatantly untrue propaganda, but it's also a call to crazies to physically attack people like AOC.

And this reaction to O'Rourke's call to buyback assault weapons:


From the Texas Tribune:
Republican state Rep. Briscoe Cain drew fierce ire Thursday night for a gun-related tweet that many considered to be a death threat against Democratic presidential candidate Beto O'Rourke.
Twitter took the comment down within hours because it violated a rule forbidding threats of violence and O'Rourke's campaign planned to report the tweet to the FBI, according to CNN. It's against federal law to threaten "major candidates" for president.

Wednesday, September 11, 2019

The Last Newspaper?




I got an annual bill for the Anchorage Daily News a while back.  But I had also just been informed that their new policy was no more door step delivery.  Newspapers on the driveway.  So it now sits very close to the sidewalk where someone walking by could easily pick it up.  (There was a period when someone was actually getting it off our doorstep every morning.)

But I've also grown comfortable being able to open the door on a snowy day and reach out and get the paper.  I don't have to put on shoes to walk through the snow.  The paper has gotten skinnier.  Then we lost Saturday papers.  And now no more doorstep deliveries.

I understand daily newspapers are dying across the country. I want to support my local paper.   But each cutback of this or that content or service is one step too far for one segment or another of the customer base. And those people stop subscribing.  So the cost savings becomes a revenue loss.

Is this my step too far?  They called  Tuesday to let me know my subscription was ending.  So I was surprised to see the paper in the driveway today.  I did tell her I hadn't decided if I was going to renew because of the change in the delivery.

It takes, at most, 30 seconds to get out of the car, run up the driveway, and get the paper on our doorstep.  For six days of delivery, that's 180 seconds or three minutes.  For a month, it's around 12 minutes.  What am I willing to pay for that?  I think $20 an hour is fair for someone delivering papers.

I think the ADN should give readers an option.  For $21 a month, they can have the paper delivered to the door step.  The carrier would get all the money, not the newspaper.

Now let me complicate it a bit.  We're gone maybe a total of three months between November  and early March.  While we're gone we just get the electronic version.

I'll send them this post.  If it's too complicated for them administratively, maybe they can give me the phone number of the paper carrier and I can work it out with her or him.

Tuesday, September 10, 2019

Enstar Digs Up Newly Paved Street A Month After Anchorage Paves It

There's an alley across the street.  The alley became a street a couple of years ago and even got a name.  Apparently because a house was remodeled and has an entrance and street number facing what was an alley.   It's been unpaved since.

This summer, the street got paved for the first time.  I guess that's good.  Less dust and mud, but pavement has environmental problems too, and this alley never got much traffic.  The other alleys in the neighborhood remain unpaved.

Today, Enstar was digging a big hole right in the new pavement.


When I went over to find out why they were digging up the newly paved street, Arthur told me they were replacing the old copper pipe and connectors for ones that had fewer connections and thus fewer opportunities to leak.  Below is one of he old ones.


But don't the Municipality and Enstar communicate on things like this?  He said he thought they did, but not this time.  They came out at the beginning of the summer to see what they were going to do and there was a dirt alley way.  And now they show up today and it's paved.  

I left a message with the Municipality Street Maintenance people.  I'll update when (I'm pretty sure it's when, not if) I hear back.  My basic concern is to be sure they have a system and this just was an odd situation that fell through the cracks.  If not, they need a way not to do double the work.  It was just paved, maybe a month ago.  Today Enstar had to dig through that paving and then patch it up.  Well, it's flat and even with the paved part, but it's not repaved yet.  And they've got another cut out a little further down that I guess they'll dig up tomorrow.  

Monday, September 09, 2019

A Man Called Ove Didn't Impress Me

I'm finishing up A Man Called Ove, a Swedish book that has apparently been pretty popular.  There's even a movie I'm told.  It's for my book club.  I wasn't overwhelmed.  I don't think I've
gotten any great insights.  The writing isn't particularly interesting - short sentences and short words. Sort of like an adult children's book.   It does help people to understand (for those who don't) that inside gruff, introverted, rule following nitpickers (at least inside Ove) there's a decent person whose back story makes his behavior less objectionable.

I guess I also realized that I had a stereotype of Swedes being more rational and polite than the people of most other countries.  If this book is representative, I was wrong about that.

Here's a bit on death and judging from near the very end.

Chapter 39 begins

"Death is a strange thing.  People live their whole lives as if it does not exist, and yet it's often one of the great motivations for living.  Some of us, in time, become so conscious of it that we live harder, more obstinately, with more fury.  Some need its constant presence to even be aware of its antithesis.  Others become so preoccupied with it that they go into the waiting room long before it has announced its arrival.  We fear it, yet most of us fear more than anything that it may take someone other than ourselves.  For the greatest fear of death is always that it will pass us by.  And leave us there alone.
People always said that Ove was "bitter."  But he wasn't bloody bitter.  He just didn't go around grinning the whole time.  Did that mean one had to be treated like a criminal?  Ove hardly thought so.  Something inside a man goes to pieces when he has to bury the only person who ever understood him.  There is no time to heal that sort of wound."

[UPDATE Sept 10, 2019:  I found a NYT review that focused on the author.  Fredrik Backman does say that he is somewhat the model for Ove.
"A colleague . . . wrote a bog post . . .about seeing a man named Ove explode with rage while buying tickets at an art museum, until his wife intervened.
"My wife read the blog post and said, "This is what life is like with you,"  Mr. Backman said, 'I'm not very socially competent.  I'm not great at talking to people.  My wife tends to say, your volume is always at 1 or 11, never in between." 
So that makes a lot of sense, and I guess it means that there are lots of women out there married to Oves.  I'd guess the Sonjas (Ove's wife in the book) recognize this much faster than the Oves.]

Sunday, September 08, 2019

Trump's Second Nobel Prize Attempt Blows Up

First, the background - Attempt One - Denuclearizing Korea

In July of this year, Newsweek wrote this about Donald Trump's Nobel Prize hopes:
"Kellyanne Conway has claimed that President Donald Trump is on his way to a Nobel Peace Prize thanks to his diplomacy with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un."
A year earlier, the South China Morning Post (Hong Kong) wrote:
"South Korean President Moon Jae-in said US President Donald Trump deserved a Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end the stand-off with North Korea over its nuclear weapons programme, a South Korean official said on Monday." 
Think Trump may have suggested that he say that?

The Telegraph, in February 2019 reported that North Korea is pushing Kim Jun Un for a Nobel Prize.

A number of sources reported Trump saying that Japanese Prime Minister Abe had nominated him for a Nobel Prize and The Guardian says that Abe won't deny that.
"The Japanese prime minister has declined to say if he had nominated Donald Trump for the Nobel peace prize, though he emphasised he did not deny doing so.
Trump’s assertion on Friday that Shinzō Abe had nominated him for the honour and sent him a copy of the letter has raised criticism in Japan.
The Guardian goes on to report unidentified Japanese sources claiming  that Abe's nomination of Trump, if there was one, was suggested by Trump himself.
"Citing unidentified government sources, the Japanese newspaper Asahi Shimbun reported on Sunday that Abe had nominated Trump at the US president’s behest."
And they hint that it might be part of a competition with Obama:
"Barack Obama was awarded the Nobel peace prize in 2009, his first year in office, for laying out a US commitment to 'seek the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons'.
Trump complained on Friday that his predecessor was there “for about 15 seconds” before he was awarded the prize."

Attempt 2:  Camp David Accord Revisited 

So when I heard today that there'd been a planned peace talks at Camp David with the president of Afghanistan and the head of the Taliban, I couldn't help but think that this was attempt number two for a Nobel Prize.  After all the 1978 Camp David Accord garnered two Nobel Prizes.

But not for the president - Jimmy Carter - who'd arranged the meeting.  No it was Egyptian President Sadat and Israeli prime minister who got those Nobel prizes.

But not for President Jimmy Carter, who didn't get his Nobel prize until 2002.  If there had been a successful peace talks at Camp David this weekend, Trump might have had to wait 24 years, during which he would have had to do a number of other peace seeking actions.  He'd be 98 by then.  Not impossible.  His dad lived to age 93.  But it's unlikely that Trump will spend his post-presidential years brokering peace deals around the world like Carter has.

Obama didn't seek out the Nobel prize - and the committee really should have waited.  He got it on expectations, not actual deeds.  I'd guess the Nobel Committee is unlikely to rush to hand Trump a peace price.

When Good Things Devolve Into Spin Contests

College admissions boards use grades and test scores and extra curricular activities to evaluate applicants.  At first these were what seemed like good things to look into to separate those admitted from those rejected.

But, as the criteria became known (as they should be) and competition got stiffer, students no longer volunteered because it was their passion or it was the right thing to do, but because it would look good on their application.  They put teachers under great pressure to give them high grades (and we got grade inflation), and if they could afford it, they take exam prep courses and even hire ringers to take the exam for them.

The Academy Awards may once have been sincere efforts to reward great performances. (I suspect that if that's true it didn't last long.)  Now studios spend millions advertising how deserving their films are for awards.

It's also true in some (many?) beauty contests.

As a former owner of the Miss Universe contest, Trump knows that such awards are open to 'purchase.'  I can't find my copy of Proof of Collusion, so I'm quoting here from an earlier blog post where I covered Chapter 1 of Proof of Collusion which included the Miss Universe contest held in Moscow:
"Eleven pages of specific history, that covers Trump's failed attempts to do business in Russia, how his US businesses were funded by Russian mobsters when banks would no longer take the risk, and how things got better for Trump in Moscow after the Miss Universe contest in 2002 where the Trump picked winner was the girlfriend of a 'Russian gangster' and the object of Putin's 'secret admiration.'"
I'm increasingly getting the impression that in Trump's world, being 'good' for the sake of being good, is for sissies.  For Trump, being good is a means to an end.  But like the third grade bully, his lack of understanding of good for good's sake, means that his heavy handed attempts to prove he's good make things that much worse for him.

Deep down, he's craving for approval.  His dad was stingy with approval and parental approval plays a giant role in a person's self-confidence.  A person who was comfortable with himself wouldn't need to constantly Tweet about how great he is.

The Nobel prize would be proof of the world's admiration of him.  Even if he has to purposely try to create prize-worthy events and rig the system so he gets it.

In this case, Trump says he canceled the meeting because the Taliban keep blowing people up.  And I suspect maybe advisors have convinced him that any peace agreement would be short lived once American troops were gone.  See this Guardian article.

Like Vietnam, Afghanistan is proving to be a quagmire for the US.  We knew that the Afghans had kicked out the British in 1842, and with our help kicked out the Soviets in 1988-89, and now  are close to wearing out the US.

 I think trying to bring peace to Afghanistan is a worthy cause, but getting out and staying in both have huge problems. This requires a much larger global shift in how people  think about peace and war.  And a confrontation with the arms industry that piles up money by selling ever more deadly and expensive weapons to all sides.  Sometimes I wonder if this isn't nature's natural selection at work, countering the rise in human population due to human brain power by using that same brain power to reduce the population.

Conclusion

This cancelled Camp David secret peace talks suggests to me that this was just one more attempt, following North Korea, to create something to look good on his Nobel Peace Prize application.

For him, I strongly suspect, going to North Korea and inviting Taliban to Camp David, were less about world peace and more about garnering a prize for Trump.  He's already become president with a massive disinformation campaign and now he wants to garnish his brand with a Nobel Prize.

And here's, something I ran across after getting this post mostly done, Adam Schiff's take:

Friday, September 06, 2019

The Proof of Conspiracy Challenge





 The author's note says:
"The 3,350 endnotes for Proof of Conspiracy, comprising 4,300 individual citations, run over 250 pages of this book.  For this reason - and to ensure that this key element of the text is both link-enabled and searchable - it has been published for free online rather than in the pages of this book. You can find it at www.read.macmillan.com/proofofconspricacynotes." [It seems that url doesn't actually work, but I've linked it to the actual site.]

Here's the beginning of the first article cited in the endnotes of Seth Abramson's Proof of Conspiracy. 
"EXCLUSIVE: The secret yacht summit that realigned the Middle East:  Arab leaders from UAE, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and Jordan plotted to counter Turkey and Iran, and replace the GCC and Arab League


George Nader, the Lebanese-American businessman and convicted paedophile, who is co-operating with special counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into Donald Trump’s campaign funding, organised a secret summit of Arab leaders on a yacht in the Red Sea in late 2015, Middle East Eye can reveal. 
Nader proposed to the leaders gathered on the yacht that they should set up an elite regional group of six countries, which would supplant both the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and the moribund Arab League.
Nader said this group of states could become a force in the region “that the US government could depend on” to counter the influence of Turkey and Iran, according to two sources briefed on the meeting.
Nader brought together Mohammed bin Salman, who was then deputy crown prince of Saudi Arabia; Mohammed bin Zayed, crown prince of Abu Dhabi; Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, president of Egypt; Prince Salman, crown prince of Bahrain; and King Abdullah of Jordan onto the yacht."

Below are the endnotes for the Introduction.  (Unfortunately, I couldn't get the links to transfer when I pasted this in.  I've put links in for the first endnote. You can go to the online footnotes  at https://static.macmillan.com/static/macmillan/proofofconspiracy/endnotes.pdf for live links for all the endnotes in the book.

But there are 250 pages of endnotes.  Instead, you could just read Abramson's book which ties the information from all those sources together in a readable way.  I realize a 566 page book sounds formidable, but it's really doable.  And if you want to be able to understand how bad things really are, to be able to write convincing emails to your Congressional representatives, and to challenge your ignorant friends, and to convince people why they shouldn't reelect Trump if he's still in office by then, well this is critical.

And 566 pages is doable.  Here's your challenge:

Option 1:  One chapter a day = eleven days of about 56 pages a day.
Option 2:  One chapter every two days = 22 days
Option 3:  Twenty pages a day = just under a month
Option 4:  Read three random chapters in one week
Option 5:  Create your own plan

Take an hour or so a day to go someplace quiet and read.  Outside at a park.  A coffee shop.  A nook in the library.  Take back your life from the internet.

I'm sure there are other good books that cover the same territory, but this is the best one I know about.  And after climate change, this is the most important issue we face.  And with Trump in the White House, headway on climate change is way too slow.

So, locate a copy.  If you're library doesn't have one, ask them to order a bunch.  Check your local bookstores.  (The Anchorage Barnes and Nobel had three as of yesterday.)   Go online to order.

I'm going to try to blog my way through this book because I think it's that important for people to know the depth of corruption our Republican Senate is tolerating.

Why all the endnotes?  Just to make the point that this book is not opinion.  It's based on reports of things that happened.  I know that people can pad the endnotes, but Abramson is a smart guy with good credentials, and he's offering you a seriously researched book.

NOTES
INTRODUCTION: THE RED SEA CONSPRACY AND THE GRAND BARGAIN
  1. “David Hearst,” Middle East Eye.net (website), accessed June 26, 2019. https:// www.middleeasteye.net/users/david-hearst; David Hearst, “Exclusive: The Secret Yacht Summit That Realigned the Middle East,” Middle East Eye, March 19, 2018. https://www.middleeasteye.net/fr/news/george-nader-yacht- how-mbs-salman-red-sea-summit-mbz-sisi-plotted-qatar-turkey-jordan-saudi- gcc-arab-league-867425259
  2. David Hearst, “Exclusive: The Secret Yacht Summit That Realigned the Middle East,” Middle East Eye, March 19, 2018. https://www.middleeasteye. net/fr/news/george-nader-yacht-how-mbs-salman-red-sea-summit-mbz-sisi- plotted-qatar-turkey-jordan-saudi-gcc-arab-league-867425259
  3. “Contributor: David Hearst,” HuffPost, accessed June 26, 2019. https://www.huffpost.com/author/davidhearst129-926
  4. David Hearst, “Exclusive: The Secret Yacht Summit That Realigned the Middle East,” Middle East Eye, March 19, 2018. https://www.middleeasteye. net/fr/news/george-nader-yacht-how-mbs-salman-red-sea-summit-mbz-sisi- plotted-qatar-turkey-jordan-saudi-gcc-arab-league-867425259
  5. David Hearst, “Exclusive: The Secret Yacht Summit That Realigned the Middle East,” Middle East Eye, March 19, 2018. https://www.middleeasteye. net/fr/news/george-nader-yacht-how-mbs-salman-red-sea-summit-mbz-sisi- plotted-qatar-turkey-jordan-saudi-gcc-arab-league-867425259
  6. Dexter Filkins, “A Saudi Prince’s Quest to Remake the Middle East,” New Yorker, April 2, 2018. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2018/04/09/a- saudi-princes-quest-to-remake-the-middle-east
  7. Max Kutner, “Who is George Nader? Mueller Investigating WhetherMagazine Editor Helped UAE Buy White House Influence,” Newsweek, March 6, 2018. https://www.newsweek.com/who-george-nader-bannon- mbz-mueller-middle-east-791556; Creede Newton, “Mueller probe: Who is George Nader, convicted paedophile?,” Al Jazeera, April 6, 2018. https://
584 | endnotes
www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/04/mueller-probe-george-nader-convicted- paedophile-180404110222649.html; Desmond Butler, Tom LoBianco andBradley Klapper, “Mueller Probe Witness Secretly Backed UAE Agenda in Congress,” Associated Press, March 26, 2018. https://www.apnews. com/b4946f7bf1fe4328b0c81506434aa082; Mark Mazzetti, David D.Kirkpatrick, and Maggie Haberman, “Mueller’s Focus on Adviser toEmirates Suggests Broader Investigation,” New York Times, March 3, 2018.https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/03/us/politics/george-nader-mueller- investigation-united-arab-emirates.html
  1. David Hearst, “Exclusive: The Secret Yacht Summit That Realigned the Middle East,” Middle East Eye, March 19, 2018. https://www.middleeasteye. net/fr/news/george-nader-yacht-how-mbs-salman-red-sea-summit-mbz-sisi- plotted-qatar-turkey-jordan-saudi-gcc-arab-league-867425259
  2. David Hearst, “Exclusive: The Secret Yacht Summit That Realigned the Middle East,” Middle East Eye, March 19, 2018. https://www.middleeasteye. net/fr/news/george-nader-yacht-how-mbs-salman-red-sea-summit-mbz-sisi- plotted-qatar-turkey-jordan-saudi-gcc-arab-league-867425259
  3. David Hearst, “Exclusive: The Secret Yacht Summit That Realigned the Middle East,” Middle East Eye, March 19, 2018. https://www.middleeasteye. net/fr/news/george-nader-yacht-how-mbs-salman-red-sea-summit-mbz-sisi- plotted-qatar-turkey-jordan-saudi-gcc-arab-league-867425259
  4. Nader Habibi, “How Turkey and Saudi Arabia Became Frenemies—and Why the Khashoggi Case Could Change That,” The Conversation, October 17, 2018. https://theconversation.com/how-turkey-and-saudi-arabia-became- frenemies-and-why-the-khashoggi-case-could-change-that-105021
  5. Nader Habibi, “How Turkey and Saudi Arabia Became Frenemies—and Why the Khashoggi Case Could Change That,” The Conversation, October 17, 2018. https://theconversation.com/how-turkey-and-saudi-arabia-became- frenemies-and-why-the-khashoggi-case-could-change-that-105021
  6. Nader Habibi, “How Turkey and Saudi Arabia Became Frenemies—and Why the Khashoggi Case Could Change That,” The Conversation, October 17, 2018. https://theconversation.com/how-turkey-and-saudi-arabia-became- frenemies-and-why-the-khashoggi-case-could-change-that-105021
  7. Meliha Benli Altunisik, “Bitter Frenemies: The Not-Quite-AllianceBetween Saudi Arabia and Turkey,” Foreign Affairs, May 15, 2012. https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/turkey/2012-05-15/bitter-frenemies?cid=soc-twitter-in-snapshots-bitter_frenemies-051612
  8. Nader Habibi, “How Turkey and Saudi Arabia Became Frenemies—and Why the Khashoggi Case Could Change That,” The Conversation, October 17, 2018. https://theconversation.com/how-turkey-and-saudi-arabia-became- frenemies-and-why-the-khashoggi-case-could-change-that-105021
  9. Ismail Numan Telci, “Middle Eastern Supporters of Turkey’s FailedCoup,” editorial, Al Jazeera, July 14, 2017. https://www.aljazeera.com/
endnotes 585
indepth/opinion/2017/07/middle-eastern-supporters-turkey-failed- coup-170714110836313.html; Mehmet Solmaz, “Why Saudi Arabia and
the UAE are targeting Turkey,” editorial, 
Middle East Eye, December 27, 2017. https://www.middleeasteye.net/opinion/why-saudi-arabia-and-uae- are-targeting-turkey; Haisam Hassanein, “A Break in Saudi and Turkish Relations Could Intensify MBS-Bibi Bromance,” editorial, Jerusalem Post, December 25, 2018. https://www.jpost.com/Opinion/A-break-in-Saudi-and- Turkish-relations-could-intensify-MbS-Bibi-bromance-575385
  1. Nader Habibi, “How Turkey and Saudi Arabia Became Frenemies—and Why the Khashoggi Case Could Change That,” The Conversation, October 17, 2018. https://theconversation.com/how-turkey-and-saudi-arabia-became- frenemies-and-why-the-khashoggi-case-could-change-that-105021; Benny Avni, “Turkey Loses U.N. Security Council Seat in Huge Upset,” Newsweek, October 16, 2014. https://www.newsweek.com/venezuela-malaysia-angola- new-zealand-win-un-council-seats-277962
  2. David Hearst, “Exclusive: The Secret Yacht Summit That Realigned the Middle East,” Middle East Eye, March 19, 2018. https://www.middleeasteye. net/fr/news/george-nader-yacht-how-mbs-salman-red-sea-summit-mbz-sisi- plotted-qatar-turkey-jordan-saudi-gcc-arab-league-867425259
  3. David Hearst, “Exclusive: The Secret Yacht Summit That Realigned the Middle East,” Middle East Eye, March 19, 2018. https://www.middleeasteye. net/fr/news/george-nader-yacht-how-mbs-salman-red-sea-summit-mbz-sisi- plotted-qatar-turkey-jordan-saudi-gcc-arab-league-867425259
  4. Mark Mazzetti and Ben Hubbard, “Rise of Saudi Prince Shatters Decadeof Royal Tradition,” New York Times, October 15, 2016. https://www.nytimes. com/2016/10/16/world/rise-of-saudi-prince-shatters-decades-of-royal- tradition.html
  5. Mark Mazzetti and Ben Hubbard, “Rise of Saudi Prince Shatters Decadeof Royal Tradition,” New York Times, October 15, 2016. https://www.nytimes. com/2016/10/16/world/rise-of-saudi-prince-shatters-decades-of-royal- tradition.html
  6. Mark Mazzetti and Ben Hubbard, “Rise of Saudi Prince Shatters Decadeof Royal Tradition,” New York Times, October 15, 2016. https://www.nytimes. com/2016/10/16/world/rise-of-saudi-prince-shatters-decades-of-royal- tradition.html
  7. Mark Mazzetti, David D. Kirkpatrick, and Maggie Haberman, “Mueller’sFocus on Adviser to Emirates Suggests Broader Investigation,” New York Times, March 3, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/03/us/politics/ george-nader-mueller-investigation-united-arab-emirates.html
  8. Noah Browning and John Irish, “Saudi Arabia Announces 34-State Islamic Military Alliance Against Terrorism,” Reuters, December 14, 2015. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-saudi-security-idUSKBN0TX2PG20151215
586 | endnotes
  1. Gulf State Analytics, “The Saudi-Led Sunni Alliance: A Dangerous Stunt?”International Policy Digest, January 25, 2016. https://intpolicydigest. org/2016/01/25/the-saudi-led-sunni-alliance-a-dangerous-stunt/
  2. “Iran Leading State Sponsor of Terrorism With ‘Near-Global Reach’: US,”NDTV (India), September 20, 2018. https://www.ndtv.com/world-news/ iran-leading-state-sponsor-of-terrorism-with-near-global-reach-us-1919238; Carol Morello, “Terrorism is Down Worldwide, but State DepartmentSays Iran Maintains ‘Near-Global Reach’,” Washington Post, September 19, 2018. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/terrorism- is-down-worldwide-but-state-department-says-iran-maintains-near-global- reach/2018/09/19/fc3a85b1-dbac-4496-a295-b78599cd6720_story.html
  3. Mark Mazzetti, David D. Kirkpatrick, and Maggie Haberman, “Mueller’sFocus on Adviser to Emirates Suggests Broader Investigation,” New York Times, March 3, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/03/us/politics/ george-nader-mueller-investigation-united-arab-emirates.html
  4. Umar Farooq, Nabih Bulos, and Tracy Wilkinson, “Turkey and the U.S.Used to be Close Allies. Today, They Can’t Even Agree on a Phone Call,”Los Angeles Times, January 25, 2018. https://www.latimes.com/world/ middleeast/la-fg-turkey-syria-patriotism-20180125-story.html
  5. Holly Fletcher, “State Sponsor: Syria,” Council on Foreign Relations, February 1, 2008. https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/state-sponsor-syria
  6. Umar Farooq, Nabih Bulos, and Tracy Wilkinson, “Turkey and the U.S.Used to be Close Allies. Today, They Can’t Even Agree on a Phone Call,”Los Angeles Times, January 25, 2018. https://www.latimes.com/world/ middleeast/la-fg-turkey-syria-patriotism-20180125-story.html
  7. Tom Perry and Orhan Coskun, “U.S.-Led Coalition Helps to Build NewSyrian Force, Angering Turkey,” Reuters, January 14, 2018. https://www. reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-syria-sdf/u-s-led-coalition-helps-to- build-new-syrian-force-angering-turkey-idUSKBN1F30OA
  8. Umar Farooq, Nabih Bulos, and Tracy Wilkinson, “Turkey and the U.S.Used to be Close Allies. Today, They Can’t Even Agree on a Phone Call,”Los Angeles Times, January 25, 2018. https://www.latimes.com/world/ middleeast/la-fg-turkey-syria-patriotism-20180125-story.html
  9. Umar Farooq, Nabih Bulos, and Tracy Wilkinson, “Turkey and the U.S.Used to be Close Allies. Today, They Can’t Even Agree on a Phone Call,”Los Angeles Times, January 25, 2018. https://www.latimes.com/world/ middleeast/la-fg-turkey-syria-patriotism-20180125-story.html
  10. Umar Farooq, Nabih Bulos, and Tracy Wilkinson, “Turkey and the U.S.Used to be Close Allies. Today, They Can’t Even Agree on a Phone Call,”Los Angeles Times, January 25, 2018. https://www.latimes.com/world/ middleeast/la-fg-turkey-syria-patriotism-20180125-story.html
  11. Umar Farooq, Nabih Bulos, and Tracy Wilkinson, “Turkey and the U.S.Used to be Close Allies. Today, They Can’t Even Agree on a Phone Call,”
endnotes 587Los Angeles Times, January 25, 2018. https://www.latimes.com/world/
middleeast/la-fg-turkey-syria-patriotism-20180125-story.html
  1. Umar Farooq, Nabih Bulos, and Tracy Wilkinson, “Turkey and the U.S.Used to be Close Allies. Today, They Can’t Even Agree on a Phone Call,”Los Angeles Times, January 25, 2018. https://www.latimes.com/world/ middleeast/la-fg-turkey-syria-patriotism-20180125-story.html
  2. Paul Waldman, “Saudi Arabia is Putting Money in Trump’s Pocket. Is That Shaping U.S. Policy?” editorial, Washington Post, October 16, 2018. https:// www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/plum-line/wp/2018/10/16/saudi-arabia-is- putting-money-in-trumps-pocket-is-that-shaping-u-s-policy/
  3. Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump), “For the record, I have no financialinterests in Saudi Arabia (or Russia, for that matter). Any suggestion
    that I have is just more FAKE NEWS (of which there is plenty)!,”
    Twitter, October 16, 2018 6:15 a.m. 
    https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/ status/1052186219696803841
  4. Paul Waldman, “Saudi Arabia is Putting Money in Trump’s Pocket. Is That Shaping U.S. Policy?” editorial, Washington Post, October 16, 2018. https:// www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/plum-line/wp/2018/10/16/saudi-arabia-is- putting-money-in-trumps-pocket-is-that-shaping-u-s-policy/
  5. Paul Waldman, “Saudi Arabia is Putting Money in Trump’s Pocket. Is That Shaping U.S. Policy?” editorial, Washington Post, October 16, 2018. https:// www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/plum-line/wp/2018/10/16/saudi-arabia-is- putting-money-in-trumps-pocket-is-that-shaping-u-s-policy/
  6. Michael Keller, Blacki Migliozzi, Caleb Melby, and Mira Rojanasakul,“Tracking Trump’s Web of Conflicts,” Bloomberg, December 22, 2017.https://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/tracking-trumps-web-of-conflicts/
  7. “Donald Trump: I Will Release Tax Returns,” Meet the Press, NBCNews, video, January 24, 2016. https://www.nbcnews.com/meet-the-press/ video/donald-trump-i-will-release-tax-returns-607836227723; Betsy Klein,Donna Borak, and Lauren Fox, “Trump Repeats Claim He Won’t Release His Taxes While He’s Under Audit,” CNN, April 10, 2019. https://www. cnn.com/2019/04/10/politics/donald-trump-taxes-release-audit/index.html;Donna Borak and Marshall Cohen, “Fact-Checking Trump’s Claims He’sUnder Audit,” CNN, April 4, 2019. https://www.cnn.com/2019/04/04/ politics/trump-audit-fact-check/index.html
  8. David A. Fahrenthold and Jonathan O’Connell, “’I Like Them Very Much:’Trump Has Long-Standing Business Ties with Saudis, Who Have BoostedHis Hotels Since He Took Office,” Washington Post, October 11, 2018. https:// www.washingtonpost.com/politics/i-like-them-very-much-trump-has-long- standing-business-ties-with-saudis-who-have-boosted-his-hotels-since-he-took-office/2018/10/11/0870df24-cd67-11e8-a360-85875bac0b1f_story.html
  9. “Trump and Saudi Arabia: Deep Business Ties Spark New Scrutiny,” CBS News, October 15, 2018. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/trump-and-saudi-
588 | endnotesarabia-deep-business-ties-spark-new-scrutiny/
  1. “Trump and Saudi Arabia: Deep Business Ties Spark New Scrutiny,” CBS News, October 15, 2018. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/trump-and-saudi- arabia-deep-business-ties-spark-new-scrutiny/
  2. NowThis (@nowthisnews), “Trump on Saudi Arabia then: ‘I deal withthe Saudis.’ Trump on Saudi Arabia now: ‘I don’t make deals with Saudi Arabia.’,” Twitter, November 21, 2018 6:53 p.m. https://twitter.com/ nowthisnews/status/1065437964795166720
  3. David A. Fahrenthold and Jonathan O’Connell, “’I Like Them Very Much:’ Trump Has Long-Standing Business Ties with Saudis, Who Have Boosted His Hotels Since He Took Office,” Washington Post, October 11, 2018. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/i-like-them-very-much- trump-has-long-standing-business-ties-with-saudis-who-have-boosted-his-hotels-since-he-took-office/2018/10/11/0870df24-cd67-11e8-a360-85875bac0b1f_story.html; Bernard Condon, Stephen Braun, and TamiAbdollah, “’I Love the Saudis’: Trump Business Ties to Kingdom Run Deep,” Associated Press, October 12, 2018. https://www.apnews.com/cafffbc8448e49329e04ef7941c2b85a; Jake Thomas, “A Saudi Prince Helped Save Trump From Bankruptcy Twice In A 4-Year Period,”
    The Intellectualist, March 17, 2018. https://mavenroundtable.io/ theintellectualist/news/a-saudi-prince-helped-save-trump-from-bankruptcy- twice-in-a-4-year-period-S-mR63f8gE6eqlu2FTHx1A/
  4. Bernard Condon, Stephen Braun, and Tami Abdollah, “’I Love the Saudis’: Trump Business Ties to Kingdom Run Deep,” Associated Press, October12, 2018. https://www.apnews.com/cafffbc8448e49329e04ef7941c2b85a;Jake Thomas, “A Saudi Prince Helped Save Trump From Bankruptcy Twice In A 4-Year Period,” The Intellectualist, March 17, 2018.https://mavenroundtable.io/theintellectualist/news/a-saudi-prince- helped-save-trump-from-bankruptcy-twice-in-a-4-year-period-S- mR63f8gE6eqlu2FTHx1A/; Peter Truell, A Saudi Prince Fond of High- Profile Investing,” New York Times, April 12, 1995. https://www.nytimes.com/1995/04/12/business/a-saudi-prince-fond-of-high-profile-investing.html
  5. Bernard Condon, Stephen Braun, and Tami Abdollah, “’I Love the Saudis’: Trump Business Ties to Kingdom Run Deep,” Associated Press, October12, 2018. https://www.apnews.com/cafffbc8448e49329e04ef7941c2b85a;David A. Fahrenthold and Jonathan O’Connell, “’I Like Them Very Much:’Trump Has Long-Standing Business Ties with Saudis, Who Have BoostedHis Hotels Since He Took Office,” Washington Post, October 11, 2018.https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/i-like-them-very-much-trump-has- long-standing-business-ties-with-saudis-who-have-boosted-his-hotels-since-he-took-office/2018/10/11/0870df24-cd67-11e8-a360-85875bac0b1f_story.html; “Trump and Saudi Arabia: Deep Business Ties Spark New Scrutiny,” CBS News, October 15, 2018. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/trump-and- saudi-arabia-deep-business-ties-spark-new-scrutiny/
endnotes 589
  1. Bernard Condon, Stephen Braun, and Tami Abdollah, “’I Love the Saudis’: Trump Business Ties to Kingdom Run Deep,” Associated Press, October12, 2018. https://www.apnews.com/cafffbc8448e49329e04ef7941c2b85a
  2. Bernard Condon, Stephen Braun, and Tami Abdollah, “’I Love the Saudis’: Trump Business Ties to Kingdom Run Deep,” Associated Press, October12, 2018. https://www.apnews.com/cafffbc8448e49329e04ef7941c2b85a;
  3. NowThis (@nowthisnews), “Trump on Saudi Arabia then: ‘I deal withthe Saudis.’ Trump on Saudi Arabia now: ‘I don’t make deals with Saudi Arabia.’,” Twitter, November 21, 2018 6:53 p.m. https://twitter. com/nowthisnews/status/1065437964795166720; Dan Mangan, “TrumpClaims He has ‘No Financial Interests in Saudi Arabia’—But He MakesLots of Money From It,” CNBC, October 16, 2018. https://www.cnbc.com/2018/10/16/trump-says-no-financial-interests-in-saudi-arabia-but-makes-money.html
  4. Alana Abramson, “Saudi Lobbying in the U.S. Has Tripled Since TrumpTook Office,” Time, October 18, 2018. http://time.com/5426499/jamal-khashoggi-saudi-influence-lobbying/
  5. NowThis (@nowthisnews), “Trump on Saudi Arabia then: ‘I deal withthe Saudis.’ Trump on Saudi Arabia now: ‘I don’t make deals with Saudi Arabia.’,” Twitter, November 21, 2018 6:53 p.m. https://twitter.com/ nowthisnews/status/1065437964795166720
  6. David D. Kirkpatrick, “Who Is Behind Trump’s Links to Arab Princes?A Billionaire Friend,” New York Times, June 13, 2018. https://www.nytimes. com/2018/06/13/world/middleeast/trump-tom-barrack-saudi.html
  7. Profile of George Nader, The Daily Star (Lebanon), 2000. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/GetArticleBody.aspx?id=104987&username; Max Kutner, “Who Is George Nader? Mueller Investigating Whether Magazine Editor HelpedUAE Buy White House Influence,” Newsweek, March 6, 2018. https://www. newsweek.com/who-george-nader-bannon-mbz-mueller-middle-east-791556
  8. Profile of George Nader, The Daily Star (Lebanon), 2000. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/GetArticleBody.aspx?id=104987&username; Max Kutner, “Who Is George Nader? Mueller Investigating Whether Magazine EditorHelped UAE Buy White House Influence,” Newsweek, March 6, 2018.https://www.newsweek.com/who-george-nader-bannon-mbz-mueller-middle- east-791556
  9. Profile of George Nader, The Daily Star (Lebanon), 2000. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/GetArticleBody.aspx?id=104987&username; Max Kutner, “Who Is George Nader? Mueller Investigating Whether Magazine EditorHelped UAE Buy White House Influence,” Newsweek, March 6, 2018.https://www.newsweek.com/who-george-nader-bannon-mbz-mueller-middle- east-791556
  10. Profile of George Nader, The Daily Star (Lebanon), 2000. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/GetArticleBody.aspx?id=104987&username; Max Kutner, “Who Is
590 | endnotes
George Nader? Mueller Investigating Whether Magazine Editor HelpedUAE Buy White House Influence,” Newsweek, March 6, 2018. https://www. newsweek.com/who-george-nader-bannon-mbz-mueller-middle-east-791556
  1. Profile of George Nader, The Daily Star (Lebanon), 2000. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/GetArticleBody.aspx?id=104987&username; Max Kutner, “Who Is George Nader? Mueller Investigating Whether Magazine EditorHelped UAE Buy White House Influence,” Newsweek, March 6, 2018.https://www.newsweek.com/who-george-nader-bannon-mbz-mueller-middle- east-791556; Natasha Bertrand, “Why Was George Nader Allowed Into the White House?” The Atlantic, March 8, 2018. https://www.theatlantic.com/ politics/archive/2018/03/an-operative-with-trump-ties-was-once-indicted- on-an-obscenity-charge/555233/; George A. Nader, “At Home With the Ayatollah and His Men,” editorial, Washington Post, May 3, 1987. https:// www.washingtonpost.com/archive/opinions/1987/05/03/at-home-with-the- ayatollah-and-his-men/5ebe707d-e36e-417e-9848-9c6be661c087/
  2. Natasha Bertrand, “Why Was George Nader Allowed Into the White House?” The Atlantic, March 8, 2018. https://www.theatlantic.com/ politics/archive/2018/03/an-operative-with-trump-ties-was-once-indicted- on-an-obscenity-charge/555233/; George A. Nader, “At Home With the Ayatollah and His Men,” editorial, Washington Post, May 3, 1987. https:// www.washingtonpost.com/archive/opinions/1987/05/03/at-home-with-the- ayatollah-and-his-men/5ebe707d-e36e-417e-9848-9c6be661c087/
  3. Profile of George Nader, The Daily Star (Lebanon), 2000. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/GetArticleBody.aspx?id=104987&username; Max Kutner, “Who Is George Nader? Mueller Investigating Whether Magazine EditorHelped UAE Buy White House Influence,” Newsweek, March 6, 2018.https://www.newsweek.com/who-george-nader-bannon-mbz-mueller-middle- east-791556Interview with President William J. Clinton, entered into Congressional Record 142, pt. 14, Thursday, February 1, 1996. https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/CREC-1996-02-01/html/CREC-1996-02-01-pt1-PgE133-3.htm
  4. Profile of George Nader, The Daily Star (Lebanon), 2000. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/GetArticleBody.aspx?id=104987&username; Max Kutner, “Who Is George Nader? Mueller Investigating Whether Magazine Editor HelpedUAE Buy White House Influence,” Newsweek, March 6, 2018. https://www. newsweek.com/who-george-nader-bannon-mbz-mueller-middle-east-791556
  5. Josh Gerstein, “Mueller Witness was Convicted on Child Porn Charge,”Politico, March 16, 2018. https://www.politico.com/story/2018/03/16/george- nader-child-porn-467776
  6. Josh Gerstein, “Mueller Witness was Convicted on Child Porn Charge,”Politico, March 16, 2018. https://www.politico.com/story/2018/03/16/george- nader-child-porn-467776; Natasha Bertrand, “Why Was George Nader Allowed Into the White House?” The Atlantic, March 8, 2018. https://www. theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2018/03/an-operative-with-trump-ties-was- once-indicted-on-an-obscenity-charge/555233/
endnotes 591
  1. Josh Gerstein, “Mueller Witness was Convicted on Child Porn Charge,”Politico, March 16, 2018. https://www.politico.com/story/2018/03/16/george- nader-child-porn-467776; Natasha Bertrand, “Why Was George Nader Allowed Into the White House?” The Atlantic, March 8, 2018. https://www. theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2018/03/an-operative-with-trump-ties-was- once-indicted-on-an-obscenity-charge/555233/; United States v. Nader, 621 F.Supp. 1076 (D.D.C. 1985). Justia. https://law.justia.com/cases/federal/ district-courts/FSupp/621/1076/1368341/
  2. Natasha Bertrand, “Why Was George Nader Allowed Into the White House?” The Atlantic, March 8, 2018. https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/ archive/2018/03/an-operative-with-trump-ties-was-once-indicted-on-an- obscenity-charge/555233/
  3. Ian Schwartz, “Craig Unger: Untold Story of Trump, Soviet/RussiaPartnership; Russian Mafia Laundered Money Via Real Estate,” Real Clear Politics, August 16, 2018. https://www.realclearpolitics.com/ video/2018/08/16/craig_unger_untold_story_of_trump_russia_partnership_ laundered_money_via_his_real_estate.html
  4. Profile of George Nader, The Daily Star (Lebanon), 2000. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/GetArticleBody.aspx?id=104987&username; Max Kutner, “Who Is George Nader? Mueller Investigating Whether Magazine EditorHelped UAE Buy White House Influence,” Newsweek, March 6, 2018.https://www.newsweek.com/who-george-nader-bannon-mbz-mueller-middle- east-791556
  5. Chemi Shalev, “The Countless Israeli Connections to Mueller’s Probeof Trump and Russia,” editorial, Haaretz, May 26, 2018. https://www. haaretz.com/us-news/.premium-trump-russia-mueller-probe-the-israel- connections-1.6116639
  6. Profile of George Nader, The Daily Star (Lebanon), 2000. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/GetArticleBody.aspx?id=104987&username; Max Kutner, “Who Is George Nader? Mueller Investigating Whether Magazine EditorHelped UAE Buy White House Influence,” Newsweek, March 6, 2018.https://www.newsweek.com/who-george-nader-bannon-mbz-mueller-middle- east-791556
  7. Profile of George Nader, The Daily Star (Lebanon), 2000. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/GetArticleBody.aspx?id=104987&username; Max Kutner, “Who Is George Nader? Mueller Investigating Whether Magazine EditorHelped UAE Buy White House Influence,” Newsweek, March 6, 2018.https://www.newsweek.com/who-george-nader-bannon-mbz-mueller-middle- east-791556
  8. Profile of George Nader, The Daily Star (Lebanon), 2000. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/GetArticleBody.aspx?id=104987&username; Max Kutner, “Who Is George Nader? Mueller Investigating Whether Magazine Editor HelpedUAE Buy White House Influence,” Newsweek, March 6, 2018. https://www. newsweek.com/who-george-nader-bannon-mbz-mueller-middle-east-791556
592 | endnotes
  1. Profile of George Nader, The Daily Star (Lebanon), 2000. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/GetArticleBody.aspx?id=104987&username; Max Kutner, “Who Is George Nader? Mueller Investigating Whether Magazine EditorHelped UAE Buy White House Influence,” Newsweek, March 6, 2018.https://www.newsweek.com/who-george-nader-bannon-mbz-mueller-middle- east-791556
  2. Mark Mazzetti, David D. Kirkpatrick, and Maggie Haberman, “Mueller’sFocus on Adviser to Emirates Suggests Broader Investigation,” New York Times, March 3, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/03/us/politics/ george-nader-mueller-investigation-united-arab-emirates.html
  3. David D. Kirkpatrick and Mark Mazzetti, “How 2 Gulf Monarchies Soughtto Influence the White House,” New York Times, March 21, 2018. https:// www.nytimes.com/2018/03/21/us/politics/george-nader-elliott-broidy-uae-saudi-arabia-white-house-influence.html; Josh Gerstein, “Mueller Witnesswas Convicted on Child Porn Charge,” Politico, March 16, 2018. https:// www.politico.com/story/2018/03/16/george-nader-child-porn-467776
  4. David D. Kirkpatrick and Mark Mazzetti, “How 2 Gulf Monarchies Soughtto Influence the White House,” New York Times, March 21, 2018. https:// www.nytimes.com/2018/03/21/us/politics/george-nader-elliott-broidy-uae-saudi-arabia-white-house-influence.html
  5. 18 U.S. Code § 2252. Certain activities relating to material involving the sexual exploitation of minors. http://trac.syr.edu/laws/18/18USC02252.html;Josh Gerstein, “Mueller Witness was Convicted on Child Porn Charge,”Politico, March 16, 2018. https://www.politico.com/story/2018/03/16/george- nader-child-porn-467776
  6. Josh Gerstein, “Mueller Witness was Convicted on Child Porn Charge,”Politico, March 16, 2018. https://www.politico.com/story/2018/03/16/george- nader-child-porn-467776
  7. Josh Gerstein, “Mueller Witness was Convicted on Child Porn Charge,”Politico, March 16, 2018. https://www.politico.com/story/2018/03/16/george- nader-child-porn-467776
  8. Josh Gerstein, “Mueller Witness was Convicted on Child Porn Charge,”Politico, March 16, 2018. https://www.politico.com/story/2018/03/16/george- nader-child-porn-467776
  9. Josh Gerstein, “Mueller Witness was Convicted on Child Porn Charge,”Politico, March 16, 2018. https://www.politico.com/story/2018/03/16/george- nader-child-porn-467776
  10. Mark Mazzetti, David D. Kirkpatrick, and Maggie Haberman, “Mueller’sFocus on Adviser to Emirates Suggests Broader Investigation,” New
    York Times
    , March 3, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/03/us/ politics/george-nader-mueller-investigation-united-arab-emirates.html; Natasha Bertrand, “Why Was George Nader Allowed Into the White House?” The Atlantic, March 8, 2018. https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/
endnotes 593archive/2018/03/an-operative-with-trump-ties-was-once-indicted-on-an-
obscenity-charge/555233/
  1. Mark Mazzetti, David D. Kirkpatrick, and Maggie Haberman, “Mueller’sFocus on Adviser to Emirates Suggests Broader Investigation,” New York Times, March 3, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/03/us/politics/ george-nader-mueller-investigation-united-arab-emirates.html; “Frederic C.Hof,” Palestine: Information with Provenance (database), UCC PalestineSolidarity Campaign, accessed June 26, 2019. http://cosmos.ucc.ie/cs1064/jabowen/IPSC/php/authors.php?auid=20352
  2. Mark Mazzetti, David D. Kirkpatrick, and Maggie Haberman, “Mueller’sFocus on Adviser to Emirates Suggests Broader Investigation,” New York Times, March 3, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/03/us/politics/ george-nader-mueller-investigation-united-arab-emirates.html;
  3. Mark Mazzetti, David D. Kirkpatrick, and Maggie Haberman, “Mueller’sFocus on Adviser to Emirates Suggests Broader Investigation,” New York Times, March 3, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/03/us/politics/ george-nader-mueller-investigation-united-arab-emirates.html
  4. Mark Mazzetti, David D. Kirkpatrick, and Maggie Haberman, “Mueller’sFocus on Adviser to Emirates Suggests Broader Investigation,” New York Times, March 3, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/03/us/politics/ george-nader-mueller-investigation-united-arab-emirates.html
  5. Laura Rozen, “The Dealmaker: Mueller Witness Helped Broker $4.2 Billion Iraq-Russia Arms Deal,” Al-Monitor, March 8, 2018. https://www. al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2018/03/george-nader-mueller-investigation- russia-iraq-arms-deal.html
  6. Natasha Bertrand, “Why Was George Nader Allowed Into the White House?” The Atlantic, March 8, 2018. https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/ archive/2018/03/an-operative-with-trump-ties-was-once-indicted-on-an- obscenity-charge/555233/
  7. Adam Levine, Marshall Cohen, and Erica Orden, “Former Key MuellerWitness George Nader Arrested on Child Pornography Charges,” CNN,June 4, 2019. https://www.cnn.com/2019/06/03/politics/george-nader- mueller-witness-child-pornography-charges/index.html; Rachel Maddow,“Child Porn Charges for Donald Trump-Tied Mueller Witness Raise Questions,” MSNBC, video, published June 3, 2019. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RIQdNgMAfrk; Pilar Melendez, “George Nader, Witness in Mueller Probe, Denied Release on Child-Porn Charges,” Daily Beast, June 4, 2019. https://www.thedailybeast.com/george-nader-witness-in-mueller- probe-denied-release-on-child-porn-charges; Mark Mazzetti, David D.Kirkpatrick, Ben Protess, and Sharon LaFraniere, “Witness in MuellerInquiry Who Advises U.A.E. Ruler Also Has Ties to Russia,” New York Times, April 4, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/04/us/politics/ george-nader-russia-uae-special-counsel-investigation.html
  8. Adam Entous, “Donald Trump’s New World Order,” New Yorker, June 11,
594 | endnotes2018. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2018/06/18/donald-trumps-
new-world-order
  1. Adam Entous, “Donald Trump’s New World Order,” New Yorker, June 11, 2018. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2018/06/18/donald-trumps- new-world-order
  2. Adam Entous, “Donald Trump’s New World Order,” New Yorker, June 11, 2018. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2018/06/18/donald-trumps- new-world-order
  3. 18 U.S. Code § 371. Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud UnitedStates. Legal Information Institute. https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/ text/18/371