There's also a section on early environmentalists nationally and how they impacted Alaska - particularly Gifford Pinchot, who was a major force in creating Chugach National Forest. But before Pinchot, there was George Perkins Marsh who published, in 1864, The Earth as Modified by Human Action. Wohlforth writes:
"He explained the fragility of ecosystems, the special qualities of old-growth forest, the potential to permanently damage soil, wetlands, rivers, and ocean, and he argued that environmental abuse similar to that rampant in the United States had brought about the collapse of ancient civilizations around the Mediterranean Sea. Marsh used a legal term to define humanity's proper relationship to the earth: usufruct, which means a loan for use only, with the obligation to leave the borrowed item as it was found." (p. 143)(emphasis added)
Instead of reading more yesterday, I was at the CCL meeting and then at the One People, One Earth meeting - both discussing man's impact on the earth's ecosystem. Both, in their own ways, dealing with the idea usufruct. I also saw Penny Arcade's show at Out North last night. More on that later, but briefly, it's the adults only version of what Brent Scarpo will be doing this week. Penny Arcade, who was part of Andy Warhol's crowd, will perform for a couple more weekends. But I've got to get back to reading, and there's a driveway to shovel, and a few other things to distract me. But just lying in bed this morning reading and reading was a real pleasure. And the end of daylight savings time gave me an extra hour.